Gall Blader stone

Gallstones are hardened deposits of digestive fluid that form in the gallbladder, a small sac located just beneath the liver. The stones can range in size, and some people may develop just one while others have multiple. They can cause pain in the upper abdomen, and in some cases, may require surgical removal of the gallbladder.

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Common Details

Gallbladder stones, medically known as gallstones, are common and can cause significant health issues. These hardened deposits form within the gallbladder, a small organ located beneath the liver. The gallbladder plays a crucial role in the digestive process by storing bile, a fluid produced by the liver that aids in the digestion of fats. Gallstones can vary in size, ranging from tiny grains of sand to larger, golf ball-sized stones. The two primary types of gallstones are cholesterol gallstones and pigment gallstones.

Cholesterol gallstones are the more prevalent type, primarily composed of cholesterol. They develop when there's an imbalance in the constituents of bile, leading to the crystallization of cholesterol within the gallbladder. In contrast, pigment gallstones consist mainly of bilirubin, a waste product generated when red blood cells break down. While less common, pigment gallstones tend to be smaller and darker in color.

The presence of gallstones can result in various symptoms and complications. One of the most common symptoms is gallstone colic, characterized by intense, crampy abdominal pain, often located in the upper right abdomen. This pain frequently occurs after consuming fatty or greasy foods and can persist for several hours. In severe cases, gallstones can lead to acute cholecystitis, an inflammation of the gallbladder that can cause fever, excruciating pain, and potentially serious complications. Gallstones can also block the pancreatic duct, resulting in pancreatitis, a painful inflammation of the pancreas.